Eye redness refers to a red appearance of the normally white part of the eye. The eye looks red or bloodshot because blood vessels on the surface of the eye widen (dilate), bringing extra blood into the eye.
What causes redness of eye?
If you suffring from redness of eyes these most important causes may you seen.
Conjunctivitis may due to following causes:
- Viral (most common cause)
- Blepharitis (inflammation of eye lids)
- Subconjunctival haemorrhage
- Corneal abrasion
- Corneal ulcer
- Acute glaucoma
- Conjuctival or corneal foreign bodyTrichiasis– abnormally positioned eyelashes that grow back towards the eye touching cornea or conjunctiva
What are the first aid for redness of eye?
Eye and hand hygiene to prevent spread
Investigations for underlying cause
Specific management as per cause
Conjunctival swab for culture sensitivity
Do not bandage the eye without ascertaining the cause
Do not use steroids without ascertaining the cause.
How is redness of eye diagnosed?
Your doctor perform your eye examination and your environment history.
• Visual acuity
• Torch light examination
• Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP) measure
• Slit lamp examination
• Fundus examination
• Conjuctival swab for culture sensitivity
In case of corneal ulcer: KOH mount, Gram stain, Sample for culture
sensitivity from the lesion.
How is redness of eye treated?
The treatment of redness of eyes depend upon severity and causes.
Bacterial conjunctivitis: Dry hot fomentation, Topical antibiotics, dark goggles.
Viral conjunctivitis: Supportive treatment. Cold compress, dark goggles
topical antibiotics to prevent superaded infection.
Glaucoma: Intra Occular Pressure (IOP) lowering drugs.
• I/V mannitol
• Timolol etc.
• Scleritis/episceritis:Topical steroids.
• Iridocyclitis: Topical steroids.
• Stye: Dry hot fomentation, Topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, epilation of affected hair follicles.
• Trichiasis: Epilation (removal of hair) of eye lashes.
These information provide only for education purpose, if you have problems with your eyes ensure with your doctor.